OverviewHistoryConcentrationFroth flotationHydrometallurgical extractionSulfide smeltingConcentrate and copper marketingSee also
Copper extraction refers to the methods used to obtain copper from its ores. The conversion of copper consists of a series of physical and electrochemical processes. Methods have evolved and vary with country depending on the ore source, local environmental regulations, and other factors.
As in all mining operations, the ore must usually be beneficiated concentrated. The processing techniques depend on the nature of the ore. If the ore is primarily sulfide copper minerals such as chalcopyrite, th